In a quick look in the Holly Bible to find out what is the real name of the land that the state of Israel is occupying? Is Israel is the real name of this land? Did God name it (Israel)? Or this name (Israel) is used for another purpose? Let us search to know the real use of the word (Israel).
“For behold, in those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all the nations I will gather all the nations and bring them down to the valley of Jehoshaphat. Then I will enter into judgment with them there on behalf of my people and my inheritance, Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations; And they have divided up my land.
They have also cast lots for my people, traded a boy for a harlot and sold a girl for wine that they may drink. Moreover, what are you to me, O Tyre, Sidon and all the regions of Philistia? Are you rendering me a recompense? But if you do recompense me, swiftly and speedily I will return your recompense on your head.” (Joel 3:1-4).
In this passage and it does not need explanations or any interpretations to know that the word (Israel) is used to show that it is the name of the nation not a name of a land. But for the word (Philistia) which means the name of the land because the passage is speaking about the regions of Palestine.
Nearly all Bible translations today use "Philistia" in their Old Testament portions for the original Peleshet. This designates the geographical area along the coast of Palestine and southern Lebanon (including Tyre and Sidon). A few Christian versions have "Palestine" in their biblical text or in marginal notes. They may do this to orient readers to modern political boundaries. But some may have biased theological motives.
The Roman Catholic Douay-Rheims (revised 1899) has "the people of Palestine" at Jeremiah 47:1 and "the daughters of Palestine" at Ezekiel 16:57. In both verses the Hebrew reads "Pelishtim" (Philistines).
The conservative Protestant Amplified Bible (1965) includes "Palestine" in their text in brackets:
Ezek 38:11, 12 — "I will fall upon those...who dwell at the center of the earth [Palestine]."
Dan 11:30a — "...he shall be grieved and discouraged and turn back [to Palestine] and carry out his rage and indignation against the holy covenant and God's people."
Dan 11:41a — "He shall enter into the glorious land [Palestine], and many shall be overthrown."
[Also: 1 Chron 13:5; Jer 8:16; 22:20; Ezek 33:24]
The conservative Protestant New American Standard Bible (NASB) (1973, 1995) has "Palestine" in the margins at Daniel 8:9 and 11:16 to explain the biblical words "Beautiful Land." This isn't necessary, for the context is clear that Israel and Jerusalem are the subject at hand.
In contrast to these versions, the conservative Protestant Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB) (2009) translates Daniel 8:9 and 11:16 without bias. It renders the Hebrew literally as the "Beautiful Land" and puts "Israel" in the margin. Mentioning "Palestine" is anachronistic. There was no such name in Daniel's time.
As early as the time of Abraham, the Philistines had already established an enclave in the southwestern part of Canaan. Abimelech was then king of Gerar (Genesis chapter 20), and later he (or his son) was called “king of the Philistines” (Genesis chapter 26). They secured this colonial region in the Land of Canaan so powerfully that when the Israelites left Egypt at their Exodus, Israel decided it prudent not to encounter this strong Philistine territory (Exodus 13:17), so Israel changed directions and journeyed towards the Red Sea and the Sinai peninsula. After forty years, when Israel invaded the Land of Canaan, they found the Philistines still entrenched in five major city states: Ashdod, Ashkelon, Ekron, Gath and Gaza. These five cities constituted the main areas of Philistine influence in the Land of Canaan. The Bible reckons the kings in charge of these city areas as “the lords of the Philistines” (Joshua 13:3).
This means that the Pentapolis of the Philistines should remain Philistine territory — even today!
It is true that the Philistine area was assigned by Joshua to the tribes of Judah and Dan. This was a part of Canaan that they were to conquer, but Judah and Dan failed. The Israelites were not able to subdue all the native peoples. A number of Canaanites were left in the land, and the Philistine cities were allowed to remain.
“Now these are the nations which the Lord left, to prove Israel by them... namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in Mount Lebanon.” (Judges 3:1–3).
The fact remains that God assigned the Philistine area to the descendants of Philistia.
The fact is most of the Palestinians are descendants of the ancient Philistines. God recognizes that some of the people are of mixed ethnic characteristics (note Zechariah 9:6), but this biblical indication does not mean that the main people are disqualified from being “Philistines.” This is because that area of Canaan had been given to the Philistines since before the time of Abraham. It is really modern Israel that now lives in Philistine lands in Ashdod and Ashkelon.
As a conclusion, The Bible had spoken about Israel as a people even when the Bible mentioned the (Land of Israel), we can know that it was speaking about the people how are in this land, and lived on it.
“Are you not like the Cushites to me, O people of Israel?” declares the Lord. “Did I not bring up Israel from the land of Egypt, and the Philistines from Caphtor and the Syrians from Kir?” (Amos 9:7).
So, God is always speaking to the people of Israel as they are the sons of Jacob the prophet, who was called by God (Israel)! This prophet (Jacob) in the Bible account fathered 12 sons, who became leaders of the 12 tribes of Israel. It is so important for the people to know that (Israel) is the name of a nation not a name of a land.
Sayed Yousif El-Bayoumi